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Complications of Kidney

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If left untreated, a kidney infection can lead to potentially serious complications, such as:

  • Kidney scarring. This can lead to chronic kidney disease, high blood pressure and kidney failure.
  • Blood poisoning (septicemia). Your kidneys filter waste from your blood and return your filtered blood to the rest of your body. Having a kidney infection can cause the bacteria to spread through your bloodstream.
  • Pregnancy complications. Women who develop a kidney infection during pregnancy may have an increased risk of delivering low birth weight babies.

Prevention

Reduce your risk of kidney infection by taking steps to prevent urinary tract infections. Women, in particular, may reduce their risk of urinary tract infections if they:

  • Drink fluids, especially water. Fluids can help remove bacteria from your body when you urinate.
  • Urinate as soon as you need to. Avoid delaying urination when you feel the urge to urinate.
  • Empty the bladder after intercourse. Urinating as soon as possible after intercourse helps clear bacteria from the urethra, reducing your risk of infection.
  • Wipe carefully. Wiping from front to back after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria from spreading to the urethra.
  • Avoid using feminine products in the genital area. Using products such as deodorant sprays in your genital area or douches can be irritating.
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